Mortality Risks, Health Endowments, and Parental Investments in Infancy
Evidence from Rural India
Published in: NBER Working Papers / (Cambridge, MA : National Bureau of Economic Research, Nov. 2007), p. 1-27
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 2006
This paper examines whether increased background mortality risks induce households to make differential health investments in their high- versus low-endowment children. The authors argue that increases in background mortality risks may disproportionately affect the survival of the low-endowment sibling, consequently increasing the mortality gap between the high- and low-endowment siblings. This increase in mortality gap may induce households to investment more in their high endowment children. They test this hypothesis using nationally representative data from rural India. The authors use birth size as a measure of initial health endowment, immunization & breastfeeding as measures of childhood investments and infant mortality rate in the child's village as a measure of mortality risks. The authors find that in villages with high mortality risks, small-at-birth children in a family are 6 - 17 percent less likely to be breastfed or immunized compared to their large-at-birth siblings. In contrast, the authors find no significant within family differences in investments in villages with low mortality risks.