What Underlies Appraisals?

Experimentally Testing a Knowledge-And-Appraisal Model of Personality Architecture Among Smokers Contemplating High-Risk Situations

Published In: Journal of Personality, v. 76, no. 4, Aug. 2008, p. 929-968

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2008

by Daniel Cervone, Tracy L. Caldwell, Marina Fiori, Heather Orom, William G. Shadel, Jon D. Kassel, Daniele Artistico

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The authors tested a theoretical model of personality structures underlying patterns of intra-individual variability in contextualized appraisals. The KAPA (Knowledge-and-Appraisal Personality Architecture) model was tested experimentally among smokers appraising their efficacy to resist the urge to smoke in high-risk situations. In a novel design, they assessed self-knowledge and situational beliefs idiographically and employed cognitive priming to manipulate the accessibility of self-knowledge experimentally. The results confirmed the unique KAPA-model prediction that priming would affect appraisals in a contextualized manner. Priming positively valenced self-knowledge enhanced self-efficacy appraisals specifically within that subset of situations that were relevant to the primed knowledge. The results were consistent with the hypothesis that systems of self- and situational knowledge underlie consistency and variability in appraisals.

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