Neighborhood Characteristics Favorable to Outdoor Physical Activity

Disparities by Socioeconomic and Racial/Ethnic Composition

Published In: Health & Place, v. 16, no. 2, Mar. 2010, p. 267-274

Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 2009

by Luisa Franzini, Wendell Taylor, Marc N. Elliott, Paula Cuccaro, Susan R. Tortolero, M. Janice Gilliland, Jo Anne Grunbaum, Mark A. Schuster

Read More

Access further information on this document at the publisher's website

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

This paper uses a socioecological framework to investigate socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in neighborhood characteristics that are associated with outdoor physical activity. We surveyed 632 parents of 5th graders about perceptions of their neighborhood social processes and collected systematic observations of the physical environment on their block-face of residence. Higher poverty neighborhoods and non-White neighborhoods have better accessibility; however, they are less safe, less comfortable, and less pleasurable for outdoor physical activity, and have less favorable social processes. Interventions to reduce disparities in physical activity should address not only the physical environment, but also social processes favorable to physical activity.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.