Merchants who hold more pro-enforcement attitudes engage in more responsible beverage service training practices, which in turn is associated with greater enforcement of underage drinking. These attitudes are potential targets of prevention efforts.
The Carrot and the Stick
A Cross-Sectional Study of the Influences on Responsible Merchant Practices to Reduce Underage Drinking
Published in: Journal of Community Psychology, v. 41, no. 4, May 2013, p. 463-470
Posted on RAND.org on April 02, 2013
- What influences whether alcohol merchants enforce practices for reducing underage drinking?
Alcohol merchants (N = 331) completed a cross-sectional survey assessing their attitudes and beliefs about underage drinking, its likely consequences, requirements for responsible beverage service (RBS) training, and performance of RBS practices and checking IDs. Merchants requiring more rigorous RBS training (i.e., state-approved vs. in-house or none) have stronger beliefs that outlets who sell to minors will get cited and that their employees know RBS practices. Also, merchants who engage in more RBS practices require more rigorous RBS training, and believe more strongly that outlets who sell to minors are more likely to face, and deserve, stricter sanctions. Merchants who check IDs more strictly conduct more RBS practices and believe more strongly that underage drinking is serious and will result in stronger consequences if caught selling to minors. These findings about the attitudes, practices, and enforcement of alcohol merchants suggests ways communities can better target their limited resources to prevent underage drinking.
- Implementing state-approved training in responsible beverage service could help merchants with enforcement (i.e., strictly checking IDs).
- Merchants who engage in such training are more likely to believe they will be cited for selling alcohol to minors and will face stricter sanctions.
- Targeting merchants' attitudes could be a successful strategy for changing their enforcement behaviors.