Randomized Controlled Trial of a Psychoeducational Video Intervention for Traumatic Injury Survivors

Published in: Journal of Traumatic Stress Disorders & Treatment, 2013

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2013

by Eunice C. Wong, Grant N. Marshall, Jeremy N. V. Miles

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.scitechnol.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of a psychoeducational video on posttraumatic distress and factors related to the mental health treatment seeking process among trauma care center patients receiving care following hospitalization for a serious physical injury. METHOD: Ninety-nine, predominantly Hispanic American (59%) and male (84%), participants were randomized to view either a psychoeducation intervention or a wound care control video. Participants were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at 1-month follow-up on posttraumatic stress reactions, attitudes toward mental health service utilization, and knowledge and self-recognition of posttraumatic stress symptoms. RESULTS: Immediately after viewing the psychoeducational video, participants exhibited greater knowledge of PTSD symptoms and more positive beliefs about mental health treatment than those in the wound care condition. At 1-month follow-up, however, these differences were no longer maintained. Further, no significant differences in PTSD were found between the intervention and control groups. Differences in self-recognition of PTSD nearly reached significance with psychoeducation intervention participants being more likely to recognize their symptoms as mental health problems than control condition participants. CONCLUSION: Brief psychoeducation interventions for traumatic injury survivors may have had immediate modest effects on mental health literacy, beliefs about mental health treatment, and self-recognition of PTSD, but were not maintained at 1-month follow-up. More comprehensive and targeted interventions may be needed to facilitate more potent and long-lasting change.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.