Data and Security Breaches and Cyber-Security Strategies in the EU and Its International Counterparts

Published in: Data and Security Breaches and Cyber-Security Strategies in the EU and its International Counterparts / Neil Robinson et al. (Brussels : European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies, Policy Department A : Economic and Scientific Policy, Sep. 2013), 172 p

Posted on on September 01, 2013

by Neil Robinson, Veronika Horvath, Jonathan Cave, Arnold P. C. Roosendaal, Marieke Klaver

Read More

Access further information on this document at

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

This long briefing provides an overview of the definition of security incidents and breaches and an analysis of their scale and trends. We summarise the current EU-level efforts to address network and information security, review some of the provisions of the Commission's 2013 proposals for a Network and Information Security Directive and offer recommendations. We have some potentially major concerns including the relationship of incident notification achieving the outcomes of the directive, potential for overlapping regulation and definitions of covered entities. We also suggest that it would be helpful to clarify what kind of incidents the Directive is aimed to address.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.