Do Workplace Wellness Programs Reduce Medical Costs?
Evidence from a Fortune 500 Company
Published in: Inquiry, v. 50 no. 2, May 2013, p. 150-158
Posted on RAND.org on May 01, 2013
The recent passage of the Affordable Care Act has heightened the importance of workplace wellness programs. This paper used administrative data from 2002 to 2007 for PepsiCo's self-insured plan members to evaluate the effect of its wellness program on medical costs and utilization. We used propensity score matching to identify a comparison group who were eligible for the program but did not participate. No significant changes were observed in inpatient admissions, emergency room visits, or per-member per-month (PMPM) costs. The discrepancy between our findings and those of prior studies may be due to the difference in intervention intensity or program implementation.