Variations in Decision-Making Profiles by Age and Gender

A Cluster-Analytic Approach

Published in: Personality and Individual Differences, v. 85, Oct. 2015, p. 19-24

Posted on RAND.org on June 19, 2015

by Rebecca Delaney, JoNell Strough, Andrew M. Parker, Wandi Bruine de Bruin

Read More

Access further information on this document at Personality and Individual Differences

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

Using cluster-analysis, we investigated whether rational, intuitive, spontaneous, dependent, and avoidant styles of decision making combined to form distinct decision-making profiles that differed by age and gender. Self-report survey data were collected from 1075 members of RAND's American Life Panel (56.2% female, 18–93 years, Mage = 53.49). Three decision-making profiles were identified: affective/experiential, independent/self-controlled, and an interpersonally-oriented dependent profile. Older people were less likely to be in the affective/experiential profile and more likely to be in the independent/self-controlled profile. Women were less likely to be in the affective/experiential profile and more likely to be in the interpersonally-oriented dependent profile. Interpersonally-oriented profiles are discussed as an overlooked but important dimension of how people make important decisions.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.