Self-competence Among Early and Middle Adolescents Affected by Maternal HIV/AIDS

Published in: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, v. 17, no. 1, Mar. 2012, p. 21-33

Posted on RAND.org on March 01, 2012

by William D. Marelich, Debra A. Murphy, Diana L. Payne, Diane M. Herbeck, Mark A. Schuster

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Adolescent children of mothers with HIV face a host of stressors that place them at increased risk for poor outcomes. Using covariance structure analysis, this study examines adolescent risk outcomes and their relationships to maternal health, as well as the potentially protective factors of family environment and self-competence. The final model indicated that poor maternal health was negatively related to a protective family environment, which in turn was negatively related to adolescent risk outcomes. A protective family environment was also positively related to adolescent self-competence, which was negatively related to adolescent risk outcomes. Implications of the study are discussed, including how these findings can influence interventions aimed at reducing the risk for poor outcomes among adolescent youth with HIV-infected mothers.

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