Building Performance-Based Accountability with Limited Empirical Evidence

Performance Measurement for Public Health Preparedness

Published in: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, v. 7, no. 4, Aug. 2013, p. 373-379

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2013

by Shoshana R. Shelton, Christopher Nelson, Anita W. McLees, Karen Mumford, Craig Thomas

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Efforts to respond to performance-based accountability mandates for public health emergency preparedness have been hindered by a weak evidence base linking preparedness activities with response outcomes. We describe an approach to measure development that was successfully implemented in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Public Health Emergency Preparedness Cooperative Agreement. The approach leverages insights from process mapping and experts to guide measure selection, and provides mechanisms for reducing performance-irrelevant variation in measurement data. Also, issues are identified that need to be addressed to advance the science of measurement in public health emergency preparedness.

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