Satisfaction of Discharged Nursing Home Residents

Published in: Journal of Applied Gerontology, 2016

Posted on RAND.org on July 25, 2016

by Nicholas G. Castle, John Engberg, Aiju Men

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The psychometric properties of The Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) Nursing Home survey: Discharged Resident Instrument (NHCAHPS-D) are examined. A random sample of 550 nursing homes was selected from across the United States and 365 agreed to participate (participation rate = 66%). From 7,020 surveys sent to discharged residents, 4,926 were returned (response rate = 70%). The psychometric properties of the resident responses and the survey items were robust. Confirmatory factor analyses model fit statistics met the criterion for good conformance. Five of the initial NHCAHPS-D instrument domains were identified (environment, care, communication and respect, autonomy, and activities), along with a sixth (transitions) added by the authors. The standardization and reliability that NHCAHPS-D provides could facilitate the same benefits we have seen in other industries for the CAHPS family of instruments (i.e., quality improvement, reimbursement, public reporting, and benchmarking) and also become an industry standard.

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