Community Partners in Care

6-Month Outcomes of Two Quality Improvement Depression Care Interventions in Male Participants

Published in: Ethnicity & Disease, Volume 27, Number 3 (Summer 2017), pages 223-232. doi: 10.18865/ed.27.3.223

Posted on RAND.org on August 29, 2017

by Pratik Mehta, Anthony Brown, Bowen Chung, Felica Jones, Lingqi Tang, James Gilmore, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth B. Wells

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Objective

Limited data exist on approaches to improve depression services for men in under-resourced communities. This article explores this issue using a sub-analysis of male participants in Community Partners in Care (CPIC).

Design

Community partnered, cluster, randomized trial.

Setting

Hollywood-Metropolitan and South Los Angeles, California.

Participants

423 adult male clients with modified depression (PHQ-8 score [greater than or equal to] 10).

Interventions

Depression collaborative care implementation using community engagement and planning (CEP) across programs compared with the more-traditional individual program, technical assistance (Resources for Services, RS).

Main Outcome Measures

Depressive symptoms (PHQ-8 score), mental health-related quality of life (MHRQL), mental wellness, services utilization and settings.

Results

At screening, levels of probable depression were moderate to high (17.5%-47.1%) among men across services sectors. Intervention effects on primary outcomes (PHQ-8 score and MHRQL) did not differ. Men in CEP compared with RS had improved mental wellness (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.00-3.42) and reduced hospitalizations (OR .40, 95% CI .16-.98), with fewer mental health specialty medication visits (IRR 0.33, 95% CI .15-.69), and a trend toward greater faith-based depression visits (IRR 2.89, 95% CI .99-8.45).

Conclusions

Exploratory sub-analyses suggest that high rates of mainly minority men in under-resourced communities have high prevalence of depression. A multi-sector coalition approach may hold promise for improving community-prioritized outcomes, such as mental wellness and reduced hospitalizations for men, meriting further development of this approach for future research and program design.

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