Study Design to Evaluate Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Among a Diverse Sample of Adults with a First-Time DUI Offense

Published in: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice (2016). doi:10.1186/s13722-016-0053-x

Posted on RAND.org on March 06, 2019

by Karen Chan Osilla, Katherine E. Watkins, Magdalena Kulesza, Karen Rocío Flórez, Marielena Lara, Jeremy N. V. Miles

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Background

Driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol is a major public health concern, and many individuals continue to drink and drive even after being convicted of a DUI offense. Latinos, in particular, are disproportionately likely to be arrested for a DUI, have higher rates of recidivism, and are more likely to die in alcohol-related accidents than non-Latino Whites. Latinos also experience significant disparities in accessing alcohol-related treatment.

Methods/Design

This study protocol paper describes a randomized trial of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to usual care in DUI programs for individuals with a first-time offense and at-risk drinking. We will utilize a two-group randomized design where individuals enrolled in a DUI program with a first-time conviction will be randomized to CBT (n = 150) or usual care (n = 150). Participants will be assessed at baseline, immediately post-treatment, and 6-months post-treatment. Recidivism data will be collected using administrative data within 2 years post-treatment.

Discussion

This project has the potential to benefit a large population of vulnerable individuals who are at risk of DUI recidivism. It also develops a new model of care by providing treatment in DUI programs to reduce disparities associated with poor treatment access.

Research conducted by

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