Study Design to Evaluate Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Among a Diverse Sample of Adults with a First-Time DUI Offense

Published in: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice (2016). doi:10.1186/s13722-016-0053-x

Posted on RAND.org on March 06, 2019

by Karen Chan Osilla, Katherine E. Watkins, Magdalena Kulesza, Karen Rocío Flórez, Marielena Lara, Jeremy N. V. Miles

Read More

Access further information on this document at BioMed Central

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

Background

Driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol is a major public health concern, and many individuals continue to drink and drive even after being convicted of a DUI offense. Latinos, in particular, are disproportionately likely to be arrested for a DUI, have higher rates of recidivism, and are more likely to die in alcohol-related accidents than non-Latino Whites. Latinos also experience significant disparities in accessing alcohol-related treatment.

Methods/Design

This study protocol paper describes a randomized trial of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) compared to usual care in DUI programs for individuals with a first-time offense and at-risk drinking. We will utilize a two-group randomized design where individuals enrolled in a DUI program with a first-time conviction will be randomized to CBT (n = 150) or usual care (n = 150). Participants will be assessed at baseline, immediately post-treatment, and 6-months post-treatment. Recidivism data will be collected using administrative data within 2 years post-treatment.

Discussion

This project has the potential to benefit a large population of vulnerable individuals who are at risk of DUI recidivism. It also develops a new model of care by providing treatment in DUI programs to reduce disparities associated with poor treatment access.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.