Satisfaction With Massachusetts Nursing Home Care Was Generally High During 2005–09, With Some Variability Across Facilities

Published in: Health Affairs, Volume 32, No. 8, pages 1416–1425 (August 2013). doi: 10.1377/hlthaff.2012.1416

Posted on RAND.org on December 17, 2020

by Yue Li, Xueya Cai, Zhiqiu Ye, Laurent G. Glance, Charlene Harrington, Dana B. Mukamel

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Since 2005 Massachusetts has publicly reported results from biennial surveys of satisfaction with nursing homes, completed by responsible parties for residents, to promote consumer-centered care. Our analysis of the results from 2005, 2007, and 2009 revealed generally high satisfaction with care, which remained stable over time. On a scale of 1 to 5 (from very dissatisfied to very satisfied), average satisfaction with overall care was 4.22–4.31, and satisfaction that overall residents' needs were met was 4.09–4.16. Around 90 percent of respondents would recommend the facility. Satisfaction ratings varied considerably across facilities, with higher scores associated with higher nursing staffing levels, fewer deficiency citations, and nonprofit or government ownership. Scores for six domains of care were, in general, closely associated with satisfaction scores. However, family members seemed less satisfied with the physical and social activities available to residents and with the food and meals served than with such attributes as the physical environment. Our findings suggest that including the consumer's perspective would improve the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' current nursing home reporting efforts. However, refinements may be necessary to detect the impact of consumer reporting on the quality of patient-centered care.

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