Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Disparities in Health Care in Medicare Advantage

April 2021

Published in: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services website (2021)

Posted on RAND.org on September 29, 2021

by Steven C. Martino, Marc N. Elliott, Jacob W. Dembosky, Katrin Hambarsoomian, David J. Klein, Jennifer Gildner, Amelia Haviland

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.cms.gov

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

The analysis revealed patterns in which (1) Black and Hispanic beneficiaries had worse results than White beneficiaries on a large portion of the clinical care measures examined and (2) Asian Pacific Islander beneficiaries reported worse patient experiences than White beneficiaries on a majority of the measures of patient experience. The results suggest that quality improvement efforts should focus on enhancing clinical care for Black and Hispanic beneficiaries.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.