NATO From Liaison to Enlargement

A Perspective from the State Department and the National Security Council 1990–1999

Published in: Open Door: NATO and Euro-Atlantic Security After the Cold War, Chapter 4, pages 93–114 (2019)

Posted on RAND.org on February 02, 2022

by Stephen J. Flanagan, Daniel S. Hamilton, Kristina Spohr

Read More

Access further information on this document at transatlanticrelations.org

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

This chapter offers perspectives on the development of the internal U.S. government debate on NATO's transformation and enlargement and how these initiatives pursued by the George H.W. Bush and Clinton Administrations supported a common strategy to shape a new post-Cold War security order in Europe. It is written from Stephen J. Flanagan's vantage point as a member and later Associate Director of the U.S. State Department's Policy Planning Staff 1989–1995, National Intelligence Officer for Europe 1995–97, and the Senior Director for Central and Eastern Europe at the National Security Council Staff 1997–99—during accession of the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to the Alliance.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.