Cover: User-centered Design of a Scalable, Electronic Health Record-Integrated Remote Symptom Monitoring Intervention for Patients with Asthma and Providers in Primary Care

User-centered Design of a Scalable, Electronic Health Record-Integrated Remote Symptom Monitoring Intervention for Patients with Asthma and Providers in Primary Care

Published in: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, Volume 28, Issue 11, pages 2433–2444 (November 2021). doi: 10.1093/jamia/ocab157

Posted on rand.org Jan 27, 2023

by Robert S. Rudin, Sofia Perez, Jorge A. Rodriguez, Jessica L. Sousa, Savanna Plombon, Adriana Arcia, Dinah Foer, David W. Bates, Anuj K. Dalal

Objective

To determine user and electronic health records (EHR) integration requirements for a scalable remote symptom monitoring intervention for asthma patients and their providers.

Methods

Guided by the Non-Adoption, Abandonment, Scale-up, Spread, and Sustainability (NASSS) framework, we conducted a user-centered design process involving English- and Spanish-speaking patients and providers affiliated with an academic medical center. We conducted a secondary analysis of interview transcripts from our prior study, new design sessions with patients and primary care providers (PCPs), and a survey of PCPs. We determined EHR integration requirements as part of the asthma app design and development process.

Results

Analysis of 26 transcripts (21 patients, 5 providers) from the prior study, 21 new design sessions (15 patients, 6 providers), and survey responses from 55 PCPs (71% of 78) identified requirements. Patient-facing requirements included: 1- or 5-item symptom questionnaires each week, depending on asthma control; option to request a callback; ability to enter notes, triggers, and peak flows; and tips pushed via the app prior to a clinic visit. PCP-facing requirements included a clinician-facing dashboard accessible from the EHR and an EHR inbox message preceding the visit. PCP preferences diverged regarding graphical presentations of patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Nurse-facing requirements included callback requests sent as an EHR inbox message. Requirements were consistent for English- and Spanish-speaking patients. EHR integration required use of custom application programming interfaces (APIs).

Conclusion

Using the NASSS framework to guide our user-centered design process, we identified patient and provider requirements for scaling an EHR-integrated remote symptom monitoring intervention in primary care. These requirements met the needs of patients and providers. Additional standards for PRO displays and EHR inbox APIs are needed to facilitate spread.

Research conducted by

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