Cover: Written Evidence Submitted by RAND Europe

Written Evidence Submitted by RAND Europe

Developing AI Capacity and Expertise in UK Defence

Published in: UK Parliament, Defence Sub-Committee, House of Commons, 17 January 2024

Posted on Apr 10, 2024

by Nicolas Jouan, Ondrej Palicka, James Black

The development of AI capacity and expertise is recognised as a key element of national security by UK Defence. To this end, RAND has collected evidence from our previous work, as well as open-source information, to respond to the questions in this inquiry. This response first considers the priorities set out by the Ministry of Defence (MoD) to advance AI capacity [Question 1]. It then looks at the current strengths of the UK AI sector with defence applications [Question 2]. It follows by exploring means by which the UK Government can propel domestic AI expertise in industry [Question 3] and help embed AI companies into the defence supply chain [Question 4]. Finally, it discusses how to promote the UK AI sector in the context of AUKUS Pillar two [Question 5].

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.