Pittsburgh is an extraordinary metropolitan region in contrary respects: Its future has been shaped by an uncommon confluence of demographic forces; yet it possesses an uncommon set of resources with which to enhance local prosperity. It is a region without population growth but with a healthy concentration of intellectual capital industries, a high level of innovation in biotechnology-related and pharmaceutical industries, first-rate colleges and universities, financial holding offices, college student enrollments that fuel higher education earnings and employment, and other potential contributors to economic growth. Strengthening responsiveness to regional demographic change means recognizing the consequent realities and potential opportunities accompanying that change. This overview of Pittsburgh's regional demographic situation draws attention to both the realities and the opportunities and poses specific questions in need of further focused research.
Morrison, Peter A., A Demographic Overview of Metropolitan Pittsburgh. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2004. https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP256.html.
Morrison, Peter A., A Demographic Overview of Metropolitan Pittsburgh, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, IP-256-HHE/WFHF, 2004. As of June 15, 2021: https://www.rand.org/pubs/issue_papers/IP256.html