The Impact of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals on Wildlife A Review of the Literature 1985-1998

by Sandy A. Geschwind, Elisa Eiseman, Dalia M. Spektor, Arlene Hudson


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.4 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback86 pages $10.00 $8.00 20% Web Discount

Reports the results of a focused review of the wildlife literature between 1995 and 1998 to address the question of whether chemicals identified as endocrine disruptors are adversely affecting the wildlife population. Although much is known about the harmful effects of these substances in controlled, laboratory environments, ascertaining causality in the field is not as clear-cut. It is also not possible to ascertain whether chemical mixtures are more problematic than single chemicals. There is some evidence to suggest that the developing young are more susceptible to exposure to endocrine disruptors than mature organisms. The authors suggest that (1) future efforts should continue to focus on a consistent definition of endocrine disrupting chemicals and their health impacts; (2) studies should begin to measure or discuss the other potential confounding variables that may contribute to the adverse effects noted; (3) a better assessment chemical concentrations in the environment is needed; and (4) greater efforts should be made to target some of the research for specific species and chemical exposure combinations so that comparisons within species can be made with greater reliability.

This research was sponsored by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.