Technology Forces at Work

Profiles of Environmental Research and Development at DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox

by Susan A. Resetar, Beth E. Lachman, Robert J. Lempert, Monica M. Pinto

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Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense — sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders — DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox — and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R&D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1

    Introduction

  • Chapter 2

    What the Literature Says About Innovation, R&D, and Partnerships

  • Chapter 3

    Case-Study Lessons

  • Chapter 4

    Policy Recommendations from DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox

  • Chapter 5

    Concluding Remarks and Observations

  • Appendix A

    Environmental Technologies Definition

  • Appendix B

    Data on Environmental and R&D Activities

  • Appendix C

    DuPont: Better Things for Better Living

  • Appendix D

    Intel: Survival of the Fastest in Semiconductor Innovation

  • Appendix E

    Monsanto: Food, Health, Hope

  • Appendix F

    Xerox: the Document Company

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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