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In response to national welfare reform legislation — the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which was signed in August 1996 — California passed legislation on August 11, 1997 that replaced the existing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) programs with the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program. Following an open and competitive bidding process, the California Department of Social Services (CDSS), which administers CalWORKs, awarded a contract to RAND to conduct a statewide evaluation of the CalWORKs program. This RAND report presents the results of the CalWORKs Staff Survey (CSS) conducted as part of the statewide evaluation of CalWORKs.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Layer 1: CWD Context

  • Chapter Three

    Layer 2: Staff Context

  • Chapter Four

    Layer 3: Front-Line Implementation

  • Chapter Five

    Layer 4: CalWORKs Impact on Clients

  • Chapter Six

    Discussion and Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Surveys Mailed and Returned and Overall Response Rates of Mailing, by County

  • Appendix B

    Regression Models and Factor Scales Used in Analysis

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's Labor and Population Division.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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