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In response to national welfare reform legislation — the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), which was signed in August 1996 — California passed legislation on August 11, 1997 that replaced the existing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) programs with the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program. Following an open and competitive bidding process, the California Department of Social Services (CDSS), which administers CalWORKs, awarded a contract to RAND to conduct a statewide evaluation of the CalWORKs program. This RAND report presents the results of the CalWORKs Staff Survey (CSS) conducted as part of the statewide evaluation of CalWORKs.

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's Labor and Population Division.

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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