Dire Demographics

Population Trends in the Russian Federation

by Julie DaVanzo, Clifford A. Grammich


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 5.8 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback120 pages $12.00 $9.60 20% Web Discount

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has seen its births plummet and its deaths increase sharply. Mortality increases have been particularly steep for working-age males and are often attributable to alcohol-related causes. Some analysts fear the Russian population could decline by nearly a third between now and 2050. In the short-term, Russia may be better able to stabilize its population numbers by focusing more on curbing mortality than increasing fertility. Past Soviet pronatalist incentives had only negligible long-term effects on the number of births. The types of health problems indicated by high Russian mortality rates point to a greater need for preventive rather than curative care. In sum, the demographic problems Russia faces indicate it may do better to focus on qualitative indicators, such as the health and welfare of its population, than on quantitative indicators, such as the overall size of its population.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One

    Russian Demography and Its Implications

  • Chapter Two

    Population Change in Russia

  • Chapter Three

    Fertility in Russia

  • Chapter Four

    Causes and Implications of Russian Mortality

  • Chapter Five

    Demographic History, Age Structure, and Future Policy Issues

  • Chapter Six

    What Can Be Done to Address Demographic Policy Issues in Russia?

The research described in this report was performed within the Population Matters program under the auspices of RAND's Labor and Population program.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.