Jan 1, 2003
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This report presents early results on the impact of the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program on work activity participation rates of welfare recipients, welfare caseloads, and outcomes for welfare leavers. It describes outcomes under CalWORKs through approximately the summer of 2000 and begins the process of explaining the observed variation in outcomes through time, between California and other states, and among California's counties. Analyses of national data (administrative data on caseloads and national survey data on household income) and statewide data (on caseloads, employment, and earnings) show almost uniform improvement in outcomes in California since the implementation of CalWORKs. While the CalWORKs reforms appear to have been responsible for some of that improvement, the robust economy and other policy changes were probably also important. The rest of the nation has experienced similar improvements in outcomes.
All Prefatory Materials PDF
Program Participation PDF
The Caseload PDF
Outcomes for Leavers PDF
Conclusions and Next Steps PDF
Overview of Factors That Might Affect Outcome PDF
Data Sources PDF
Analytic Methods PDF
Results of the Policy PDF
Caseload Decline by California Region and County PDF
All Supplementary Materials PDF