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Far from being a relic of the Cold War, arms control, according to this study, has a continuing role to play in addressing Europe's new insecurities and instabilities and, therefore, should be pursued ambitiously for its potential contribution to peace and security. After summarizing the record of arms control to date and concluding that it provides a firm and impressive foundation upon which to build an ambitious agenda for the future, the study presents a four-part strategy for future arms control in Europe: (1) help build confidence among the newly independent states and contribute to peace-building efforts; (2) confirm by treaty the positive developments in military forces and activities under way in Europe; (3) manage the demilitarization of interstate relations and, over time, foster a community of interest throughout Europe in which disputes are resolved peacefully; and (4) reduce significantly the role of nuclear weapons and strengthen the global nuclear nonproliferation regime.

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