Conventional Coercion Across the Spectrum of Operations

The Utility of U.S. Military Forces in the Emerging Security Environment

by David E. Johnson, Karl P. Mueller, William H. Taft


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The raison d'etre for any military force is to deter an adversary from acting inimically to the nation's interests or, if the adversary is undeterred, to coerce him into ceasing, or in some cases reversing, the inimical actions. After carefully defining terms and reviewing the literature on coercion, this report delves into a study of the utility of military power as a coercive instrument of deterrence and compellence. The authors then analyze cases (both U.S. and foreign, successes and failures) that provide insights into conventional coercion at all levels of conflict. They conclude by stressing that the essential nature of coercion remains unchanged and that only a thorough understanding of the nation's adversaries, and of our own will and capabilities, will yield a successful coercive strategy.

Table of Contents

  • Summary

  • Preface

    All Prefatory Materials

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    The Theory of Coercion

  • Chapter Three

    Case Study Results

  • Chapter Four

    Implications and Insights

  • Appendix

    Case Studies

  • Bibliography

Research conducted by

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