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The federal government operates several large-scale research facilities that enable scientific inquiry in a range of fields, including physics, material sciences, astronomy, and, increasingly, the life sciences. This study was designed to help the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) address the issues surrounding the planning, operation, and management of selected large scientific facilities and to identify key areas in need of oversight or coordination by OSTP. A research team in RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute reviewed 20 documented studies of major science facilities or guides for their operation and drew conclusions based on the findings and recommendations of the expert panels that produced the reviewed documents. The information presented here represents the research team's synthesis of those documents. The authors identify lessons that would be of value to the federal government as it builds, manages, and retires large scientific facilities.

Table of Contents

  • Summary PDF

  • Preface

    All Prefatory Materials PDF

  • Chapter One

    Introduction PDF

  • Chapter Two

    Synthesis of the Reviewed Documents' Findings and Recommendations PDF

  • Part I

    General Management Guidelines and Reports

  • Chapter Three

    Department of Energy: Opportunity to Improve Management of Major System Acquisitions PDF

  • Chapter Four

    Facility Project Implementation Handbook PDF

  • Chapter Five

    Cooperative Stewardship: Managing the Nation's Multidisciplinary User Facilities for Research with Synchrotron Radiation, Neutrons, and High Magnetic Fields PDF

  • Chapter Six

    Characteristics of Successful Megaprojects PDF

  • Chapter Seven

    Science and Engineering Infrastructure for the 21st Century: The Role of the National Science Foundation PDF

  • Chapter Eight

    National Science Foundation Facilities Management and Oversight Guide PDF

  • Part II

    Reports on Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Hubble Space Telescope

  • Chapter Nine

    The Decade of Discovery in Astronomy and Astrophysics PDF

  • Chapter Ten

    HST and Beyond-Exploration and the Search for Origins: A Vision for Ultraviolet-Opticalinfrared Space Astronomy PDF

  • Chapter Eleven

    Hubble Second Decade Committee: The Hubble Data Archive and the Hubble Treasury Program PDF

  • Part III

    Reports on the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory

  • Chapter Twelve

    Reports on the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory PDF

  • Part IV

    Reports on Neutron Scatters

  • Chapter Thirteen

    Neutron Sources for America's Future PDF

  • Chapter Fourteen

    Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee on Neutron Source Facility Upgrades and the Technical Specifications for the Spallation Neutron Source PDF

  • Chapter Fifteen

    High Flux Isotope Reactor Upgrade and User Program-Oak Ridge National Laboratory PDF

  • Chapter Sixteen

    Report on the Status and Needs of Major Neutron Scattering Facilities and Instruments in the United States PDF

  • Part V

    Reports on Synchrotron Light Sources

  • Chapter Seventeen

    Major Facilities for Materials Research and Related Disciplines PDF

  • Chapter Eighteen

    Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee Panel on Doe Synchrotron Radiation Sources and Science PDF

  • Chapter Nineteen

    Synchrotron Radiation for Macromolecular Crystallography PDF

  • Chapter Twenty

    Biological Applications of Synchrotron Radiation: An Evaluation of the State of the Field in 2002 PDF

  • Supplemental

    Supplementary Materials PDF

The research described in this report was conducted by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute for the Office of Science and Technology Policy.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.