Information routinely available to defense and national leaders about the adequacy of military training is not very helpful in their decisionmaking. The authors describe a framework to improve the characterization of unit training status, focusing on indicators of immediate capabilities and on the time and resources units would need if they were to train up to an established wartime standard as quickly as possible. The framework involves three processes: assessing unit training or performance to ascertain current accomplishments and shortfalls, estimating the time and resources needed to overcome the shortfalls, and confirming/validating some of those estimates. A DoD-wide steering group, consisting of senior military personnel, should oversee the system's development and implementation.
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