This study reports the results and analysis of a series of policy exercises conducted under RAND’s “The Day After... ” project — a study conducted for the Air Force that explored the implications of nuclear proliferation for U.S. national security strategy and policy in the post-Cold War world. In “The Day After... ” project, teams of participants were presented with scenarios that postulated the use of nuclear weapons against the U.S., its allies, or nonaligned third parties; the teams were then prompted to formulate policy responses. The results of “The Day After... ” exercises point out important policy issues that the Air Force should be prepared to debate. These issues, which will impact the Air Force considerably, include: 1) ensuring a credible power projection capability against potential regional nuclear adversaries, 2) charting the future role of nuclear weapons in U.S. defense strategy, and 3) developing an overall long-term strategy toward the nuclear proliferation threat.
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