The Ideological Crisis in the Russian Military

by Eugene Rumer

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This report addresses the issue of Russian nationalism in the Russian military and examines the ideological choices available to the military institution in the aftermath of the Soviet breakup. It follows the Soviet military's unsuccessful quest for new ideological reference points from the Gorbachev era to the present. The report concludes that, in the atmosphere of escalating political, ideological, and economic uncertainty in Russia, the military's cohesion is likely to have been severely undermined, thereby denying the country's political leadership an important source of support. This study draws on extensive interviews conducted by the author in Moscow with Russian military personnel, government officials, and academic security specialists in the course of several research trips in 1990, 1991, and 1992.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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