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This report documents research on the training readiness of high-priority Army Reserve Component units participating in 1992 in the Army's training enhancement program, known as BOLD SHIFT. The authors seek to understand the training achievements and shortfalls that were experienced, to identify key factors underlying training readiness, and to suggest potential improvement. The main features of the BOLD SHIFT program — training to more realistically attainable premobilization goals, new concepts for field training, and closer ties between the Active and Reserve Components — seem to be moving in the right direction and are well worth continuing. While successful in many dimensions, the program was not able to bring most of the units to their pre-mobilization training and readiness goals. In all cases personnel readiness — having sufficient trained and deployable personnel — is a fundamental challenge.

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