This report provides the results of RAND research on command and control (C2) of battalions as shown in exercises at the National Training Center (NTC). This study had three primary tasks: (1) identify systemic C2 problems at the battalion task force (TF) level and below; (2) identify C2 problems whose resolution can be assisted by technology; and (3) identify C2 problems that could be solved by better home-base training and recommend training improvements. Using a series of sources, the author reached two major conclusions: (1) TF staffs have difficulties generating adequate plans, managing battle preparation, and influencing the execution of the battle; and (2) reporting on the TF command net is inadequate. As a result, the author recommends enhancing the home-base training of the TF staff, digitizing the planning and preparation process, and enhancing and simplifying the reporting systems. The new equipment should also be designed to enhance the home-base training.