The Effects of Military Base Closures on Local Communities

A Short-Term Perspective

by Michael Dardia, Kevin F. McCarthy, Jesse D. Malkin, Georges Vernez


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This study looked at three California communities, which are adjacent to three U.S. military bases that closed in the early 1990s. The following measures were used to evaluate the effects of base closures: size of local population and school enrollment; size of labor force, unemployment rates, taxable retail sales, and municipal revenues; and vacancy rates and sales prices of housing. Changes in these measures were compared to predicted changes, changes in similar communities where the bases had not closed, and changes in other communities in the same county. Researchers concluded that, although the closures had noticeable effects, they were (1) not as severe as predicted, (2) fairly localized, and (3) partially offset by other economic factors.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Outline of the Study

  • Chapter Three

    Study Plan

  • Chapter Four


  • Chapter Five

    Results and Conclusions

  • Appendix A

    Sources of Forecasts

  • Appendix B

    Data Sources

  • Appendix C

    Local Impact Areas

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