This report examines the Russian military's options for achieving weapons modernization and new weapons development through either a revitalized state military research and development (R&D) sector or a robust civil scientific and technical (S&T) sector. It considers the likelihood that neither of these sectors will prove adequate to the military's needs in the near term, forcing Russia to turn to the West for military-technical assistance. By investigating trends in the Russian scientific community as a whole, including science funding, higher education, the brain drain, and the evolution of scientific organizations, it assesses long-term prospects for Russian military R&D.
Table of Contents
Reviving the State Military R&D Sector
Creating a Robust Civil S&T Sector
Developing Advanced R&D: Ends Versus Means
1994 Federal S&T Programs
1995 Federal Budget Appropriations for Basic Research
1995 Federal Budget Appropriations for Higher Education
Membership of the Russian Federation President's Council for S&T Policy
1995 Plan of Measures for Carrying out State Support for Science and Developments
This research was carried out as part of the project "The Russian Military: A Question of Ends and Means," sponsored by the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence and conducted in the Arroyo Center's Strategy and Doctrine Program. The Arroyo Center is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the United States Army.
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