Prospects for Russian Military R&D

by Sharon Leiter


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This report examines the Russian military's options for achieving weapons modernization and new weapons development through either a revitalized state military research and development (R&D) sector or a robust civil scientific and technical (S&T) sector. It considers the likelihood that neither of these sectors will prove adequate to the military's needs in the near term, forcing Russia to turn to the West for military-technical assistance. By investigating trends in the Russian scientific community as a whole, including science funding, higher education, the brain drain, and the evolution of scientific organizations, it assesses long-term prospects for Russian military R&D.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One


  • Chapter Two

    Reviving the State Military R&D Sector

  • Chapter Three

    Creating a Robust Civil S&T Sector

  • Chapter Four

    Developing Advanced R&D: Ends Versus Means

  • Chapter Five


  • Appendix A

    1994 Federal S&T Programs

  • Appendix B

    1995 Federal Budget Appropriations for Basic Research

  • Appendix C

    1995 Federal Budget Appropriations for Higher Education

  • Appendix D

    Membership of the Russian Federation President's Council for S&T Policy

  • Appendix E

    1995 Plan of Measures for Carrying out State Support for Science and Developments

Research conducted by

This research was carried out as part of the project "The Russian Military: A Question of Ends and Means," sponsored by the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence and conducted in the Arroyo Center's Strategy and Doctrine Program. The Arroyo Center is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the United States Army.

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