Cover: Using Intelligence Data for Environmental Needs

Using Intelligence Data for Environmental Needs

Balancing National Interests

Published 1997

by Scott Pace, Kevin M. O'Connell, Beth E. Lachman


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In the post-cold-war era, there is a growing awareness that intelligence data such as imagery could contribute to environmental programs, management of natural resources, and even disaster relief. A key question facing policymakers and intelligence community managers is whether (and how) to balance routine unclassified environmental surveillance with traditional intelligence missions. This report discusses the stakeholders, interests, opportunities, and risks for the United States in greater use of intelligence data for environmental purposes by civil agencies, universities, and industry. After discussing alternative approaches to providing intelligence data for environmental uses and evaluation criteria, the authors offer summary observations, open questions, and recommendations on actions the U.S. government and the intelligence community should and should not take. An appendix includes three government policy statements on using intelligence data for environmental purposes.

This work was conducted within the Acquisition and Technology Policy Center of the National Security Research Division of RAND, a non-profit corporation dedicated to policy analysis and research in the public interest.

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

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