Download eBook for Free

Available in Dutch only.

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.8 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback73 pages $9.00

The Netherlands will in 1998 establish a unified national transport safety board (TOR is the Dutch acronym), responsible for air, sea, inland waterway, railroad, and road transport. The TOR will have two primary tasks: (1) conducting independent investigations of transport accidents and incidents ("events"); and (2) recommending ways of mitigating threats to safety. Under the new TOR, there will be four "chambers" ("kamers" in Dutch) with responsibility, respectively, for air, railroad, and water transport. RAND Europe conducted an analysis to characterize the work of safety boards to enable comparisons among existing and proposed organizational structures, identify candidate structures for the TOR, and compare these candidate structures. The authors compare two possible models for the TOR: (1) a federated TOR in which the four kamers operate with great independence; and (2) an integral TOR that merges the diverse modality-specific investigative expertise of the kamers with a more global safety systems expertise. Although both models are feasible and would represent an advance on the current status, the integral model — although more difficult to implement — makes a major advance in transportation safety.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.