Jan 1, 1998
The expansion of military-to-military relations between the United States and China has constituted one of the most important developments in Sino-U.S. relations. As these exchanges develop, high-ranking U.S. military personnel and civilian policymakers will encounter an ever-broader cross section of Chinese military personnel. U.S. officials will need to understand the changing composition and character of the highest levels of the Chinese officer corps. This report examines long-term trends in Chinese military institutional development and assesses their impacts upon the future evolution of the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Western scholars have long argued that the PLA officer corps has become more professional since 1978, but many of these studies have lacked hard data from which to analyze demographic changes. This report evaluates the scope and relative success of three professionalizing trends (education, functional specialization, and retirement norms) among PLA officers. The report concludes that the PLA has undergone a profound generational shift from the revolutionary generation to a new post-Liberation cohort.
Postscript: the Fifteenth Party Congress and the Pla