Download

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.2 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Purchase

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback60 pages $7.50 $6.00 20% Web Discount

Particulate matter (PM) — dust, dirt, smoke, soot, and liquid droplets — comes from a variety of sources and is a mixture of many pollutants made up of several different chemical species. Recent evidence about health effects and the fundamental physical and chemical differences between fine and coarse PM prompted the EPA to set new standards. Monitoring to determine whether an area has met these standards requires a comprehensive approach that combines analytical techniques to assess mass and chemical composition with an integrated network of ambient and source PM monitors. However, chemical analysis of PM is costly and difficult, and existing technologies are not capable of continuous sampling and monitoring for chemical composition. Therefore, the next generation of PM monitors should be multifunctional instruments capable of continuous, real-time monitoring of both PM mass and chemical composition. In addition, they will need to address several barriers to their use, including cost, complicated calibration and verification systems, and cumbersome installation and maintenance procedures.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter One:

    Introduction

  • Chapter Two:

    PM2.5 Monitoring

  • Chapter Three:

    Conclusions

  • Appendix A:

    Air Monitoring Technologies for Particulate Matter

  • Appendix B:

    Examples of Air Monitoring Technologies for Particulate Matter

The research described in this report was conducted by RAND's Critical Technologies Institute.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation monograph report series. The monograph/report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003. RAND monograph/reports presented major research findings that addressed the challenges facing the public and private sectors. They included executive summaries, technical documentation, and synthesis pieces.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.