RAND Study Says China Fails to Adequately Control Wmd Exports
Sep 26, 2005
Assessing China’s System of Export Controls for WMD-Related Goods and Technologies
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China’s export controls on sensitive equipment, materials, and technologies used to produce weapons of mass destruction (WMD) have evolved significantly since the early 1980s. This monograph examines the structure and operation of the Chinese government’s system of controls on exports of items that could be used in the production of WMD and WMD-related delivery systems. The author identifies the key organizations involved in export control decisionmaking, the laws and regulations that form the basis of the Chinese government’s system of controls, and the interactions among government organizations involved in vetting sensitive exports. The author assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the system’s ability to implement and enforce government export controls and identifies several challenges that the Chinese government currently faces in improving the current functioning of its nascent export control system.
History of Chinese Export Controls
Key Organizations in China’s Export Control System
Chinese Export Control Decisionmaking: Registration and Licensing Processes
Challenges in Implementation and Enforcement of Export Controls
Future Challenges for China’s Export Control System
Application for Registration as an Authorized Exporter of Sensitive Goods and
Application for a License to Export Sensitive Goods and Technology
End-User and End-Use Certificates
End-User Certificate for Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao
The research described in this report was conducted within the RAND National Security Research Division, which conducts research and analysis for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Commands, the defense agencies, the Department of the Navy, the U.S. intelligence community, allied foreign governments, and foundations.
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