Migration and Fertility

Some Illustrative Tabulations Based on the Malaysian Family Life Survey

by Julie DaVanzo, Sidney Goldstein

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Presents several cross-tabulations based on data from the Malaysian Family Life Survey to explore whether migration data collected as part of a survey concerned mainly with fertility can be used to yield insights into the relationship between migration and fertility. In the subsample examined of married women aged 20-29 in 1971, migration and fertility are inversely related. 1971-74 migration rates are inversely related to 1971 parity. Migrants had lower fertility than nonmigrants both at the beginning of and during the 1971-74 migration interval. However, migrants are less likely to practice contraception than nonmigrants, though they are more likely to be using modern methods. Only further research can tell whether their greater usage of modern methods of contraception, migration-related marital separations, or some other factor is responsible for the migrants' lower fertility.

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