As part of the Los Angeles Electricity Rate Study, 931 households were observed on one of 17 time-of-use (TOU) rates that applied either five or seven days per week. An additional 337 households faced either seasonal, flat, or declining-block rates but had their use recorded continuously; they served as "control" households. The covariance analysis of TOU price effects provides strong evidence that TOU rates alter the time-of-use distributions of residential loads. It also suggests that TOU rates affect total consumption. Peak period use is reduced by peak prices, and the reduction is greater the higher the price level.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.