Appraises the efficacy of HUD urban economics and community development programs (Community Development Block Grants, Section 312 rehabilitation loans, and Urban Development Action Grants) to help cities and neighborhoods in distress. The programs are intended to alleviate problems associated with neighborhood blight and decay, substandard housing, and residential segregation. The three programs differ in terms of the kinds of cities, neighborhoods, and population groups they seek to benefit. Data are not yet available for assessing the success with which targeting objectives are met. Estimates of program effectiveness must take into account spillovers to nontargeted groups, indirect costs (e.g., increased local fiscal obligations, displacement of households), and both leverage and substitution effects on local public and private investors. Recommends a new data collection system to facilitate such measurement.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.