Arms production in developing countries : the continuing proliferation of conventional weapons
The subject of this Note concerns the efforts of developing countries to reduce their dependence on the advanced industrial states, including the development of domestic arms industries. Data are presented on arms production by country for three points in time (1960, 1970, 1980) on four types (and subtypes) of weapons (aircraft, armored vehicles, missiles, and naval vessels). The major increase in weapons production came during the 1970s--15 developing countries produced arms in 1960, 18 in 1970, and 28 in 1980. Non-economic motivations to produce weapons are hypothesized to include external and internal security threats, vulnerability to manipulation by exporters, insecure military security relationships, and national pride, economic goals, import substitution, export potential, and technological stimulation of other sectors.