The federal Residential Conservation Service program is currently being reviewed for possible revision or even discontinuation. This Note contributes to the discussion by appraising eight past evaluations of utility-sponsored programs for residential energy conservation. The Note (1) explores the perceived incentives and impediments to increased conservation found by these evaluations; (2) offers recommendations for the evaluation methodology and study design of future program evaluations; and (3) assesses the findings of the past evaluations in terms of the need for a continuing federal program to promote residential energy conservation.
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