A New Force in the Soviet Computer Industry

The Reorganization of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the Computer Field

by Simon Kassel

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In 1983, the USSR Academy of Sciences established a new top-level administrative unit in its table of organization, the Department of Informatics, Computer Technology, and Automation. The creation of the new department, involving the transfer of research institutes from other departments of the Academy, the founding of new institutes, and the planning of a complex network of research projects encompassing the Academy and the computer industry, amounts to a major reorganization of the Academy of Sciences in the computer field. This Note provides an assessment of this reorganization, its probability of success in affecting the future progress of Soviet computer technology, and its implications for the development of Soviet high technologies in general. Among his conclusions, the author finds that the weakness of Soviet computer technology is essentially an industrial problem and not a scientific one.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.

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