This Note reports on the relationship between command policy and survivability within the U.S. Air Forces Europe (USAFE). The study examined major initiatives that the USAFE command is currently implementing or planning to implement and found that survivability must be considered in each one. A balanced mix of the following measures is necessary: active defense, passive defense, damage control, robustness in system design, and recovery of mission capability. The authors recommend several policy actions: strengthen the guidance and enforce it, provide a cross-functional emphasis, use a decision process that specifically includes survivability, and capitalize on individual initiative.
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