A Review of European Arms Collaboration and Prospects for Its Expansion under the Independent European Program Group

by Terrell G. Covington, Keith Brendley, Mary E. Chenoweth


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This Note examines the purpose and structure of the Independent European Program Group (IEPG), established in 1976 to organize and coordinate arms collaboration among the 13 European NATO nations. The Note also reviews past intra-European and transatlantic arms collaboration programs and policies. Finally, it examines some of the forces driving collaboration. Increased transatlantic arms cooperation offers a possible solution to the U.S.-European arms trade imbalance in favor of the United States and an opportunity for increased rationalization, standardization, and interoperability among NATO forces. The IEPG has many advantages as a contact organization for greater U.S.-European arms collaboration.

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