Cover: Regulating Communication Technology

Regulating Communication Technology

The Case of Automated Teller Machine Networks

Published 1989

by William B. Trautman


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 2.7 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback96 pages $30.00

This research establishes a framework for analyzing the regulation of evolving communication technologies with a case study of automated teller machines (ATMs). The high fixed cost of communication technology may provide a basis for regulatory intervention, because it may enable large firms to gain a competitive advantage over small firms; it may also lead to efficiency. The regulatory issue is whether laws should be enacted that give competing firms access to existing technology, thus protecting the market share of small firms and enabling them to compete more equitably with large firms. Mandatory-access laws can impose a cost on society, however, by slowing the diffusion of technology and postponing the benefits associated with new communication services. This research provides empirical evidence that communication services are differentiated to a varying degree by location, suggesting that product differentiation may be relevant to regulation of mandatory access. The study presents a logistics model of ATM adoption by commercial banks. The model shows that the degree to which banks are differentiated on the dimension of location is an important determinant of ATM adoption, and that characterizations of competition that do not incorporate a measure of differentiation are not as good at predicting ATM adoption.

This report is part of the RAND note series. The note was a product of RAND from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.