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This Note analyzes the present critical political/economic/military impasse in Ethiopia, with emphasis on Eritrea as the key to the problem. The solution of the Ethiopian crisis depends in large measure on resolving Eritrea's relationship to the Ethiopian state. The restoration of the political and economic health of Ethiopia, the most populous and potentially the richest country in the Horn of Africa, would greatly improve the peace and stability of the region. The Note urges a more energetic U.S. and Western approach to the deteriorated situation in Ethiopia and proposes that Eritrea be made the centerpiece of a strategy for the restoration of human rights and a flourishing economy in a peaceful Ethiopia. The author bases his judgments on his experience as a student of Horn of Africa affairs for more than 25 years and as a U.S. government official and scholar, and on visits to Ethiopia in each of the past three years.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.

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