A Generalized Approach for Analysis of Alliance Burden-Sharing
This Note discusses alliance burden-sharing in the context of multinational provision of a group of goods, including three the author uses to illustrate his discussion — military services, security and economic assistance, and defense and science/technology research. The author formulates a simple and straightforward methodology with which the distribution of alliance burdens can be estimated, given that members of the alliance, both individually and collectively, produce several goods furthering their broad objectives. These goods vary in terms of publicness and exclusion cost. The author includes a brief conceptual discussion of differences in marginal valuations, outlines the numerous components of the three prototypical alliance outputs, and evaluates subjectively the degrees of publicness characterizing the components.